Stunning an animal correctly will provide better meat quality. Improper electric stunning will cause bloodspots in the meat and bone fractures. Good stunning practices are also required so that a plant will be in compliance with the Humane Slaughter Act and for animal welfare. When stunning is done correctly, the animal feels no pain and it becomes instantly unconscious. An animal that is stunned properly will produce a still carcass that is safe for plant workers to work on.
Grandin, T. (2001)
Cattle vocalizations are associated with handling and equipment problems at beef slaughter plants.
Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 71, 2001, Pg. 191-201
Grandin, T. (1996)
Factors That Impede Animal Movement at Slaughter Plants
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 209 No.4 : 757 - 759
Grandin, T. (1995)
Restraint of Livestock
Proceedings: Animal Behaviour Design of Livestock and Poultry Systems International Conference (pages 208-223)
Published by: Northeast Regional Agriculture Engineering Service
Cooperative Extension 152 Riley - Robb Hall Ithaca, New York, 14853 USA
Grandin, T. (1994)
Euthanasia and Slaughter of Livestock
Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association
volume 204 : 1354 - 1360
Grandin, T. (1989) (Updated 1999)
Behavioral Principles of Livestock Handling
Professional Animal Scientist December 1989 (pages 1-11)
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